Archive for August 16th, 2019

Power Of Effective Speaking

You recently read an article that highlights the benefits of a 4-day work week. You intend to persuade your company’s CEO that this is a viable option for the company. Which one of the following appeals would you focus on in order to convince your CEO that a 4-day work week is beneficial? Choose one of the following appeals and explain why you feel this appeal will best assist you in convincing your company’s CEO.


  1. Ethos – character or disposition (credibility)
  2. Logos – logical (reasoning and evidence)
  3. Pathos – emotional

PSY 325

Focus of the Final Exam

The purpose of the Final Exam is to assess your understanding of the main statistical concepts covered in this course and to evaluate your ability to critically review a quantitative research article.  The exam will consist of two parts: Part I includes three essay questions and Part II includes a research critique.  All of your responses should be included in a single Word document for submission. 

Please include the following general headings for each section of the written exam within your Word document:
Part I: Essay Questions

  1. Essay 1
  2. Essay 2
  3. Essay 3

Part II: Research Study Critique

  1.  Introduction
  2.  Methods
  3.  Results
  4.  Discussion

Your complete Word document must include a title page with the following:

  1. Student’s name
  2. Course name and number
  3. Instructor’s name
  4. Date submitted

Part I: Essay Questions
There are three essay questions in this section.  You must answer all three questions.  The length of each essay should be one to two double-spaced pages (excluding title and reference pages).  Use 12-point font and format your paper with regular 1-inch margins.  Do not include the essay prompt in your document.  It will not count toward the length requirement for your essays.

Essay 1
A group of researchers conducted an experiment to determine which vaccine is more effective for preventing getting the flu. They tested two different types of vaccines: a shot and a nasal spray. To test the effectiveness, 1000 participants were randomly selected with 500 people getting the shot and 500 the nasal spray. Of the 500 people were treated with the shot, 80 developed the flu and 420 did not. Of the people who were treated with the nasal spray, 120 people developed the flu and 380 did not. The level of significance was set at .05. The proportion of people who were treated with the shot who developed the flu = .16, and the proportion of the people who were treated with the nasal spray was .24. The calculated p value = .0008.

For this essay, describe the statistical approaches (e.g., identify the hypotheses and research methods) used in this excerpt from a research study.  Interpret the statistical results and examine the limitations of the statistical methods.  Finally, evaluate the research study as a whole and apply what you have learned about hypothesis testing and inferential statistics by discussing how you might conduct a follow-up study.

Your essay must address the following points:

  • Describe the research question for this experiment. 
    • What were the null and alternative hypotheses?
    • Were the results of this test statistically significant?
    • If so, why were they significant?
  • Would the researchers reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?
  • Do the results provide sufficient evidence to support the alternative hypothesis?
  • Was the sample appropriate for this study?  Explain your answer.
  • What are some possible limitations to this study?
  • Discuss how you would conduct a follow up study to this one. Explain your answer.
  • Describe the difference between practical and statistical significance.

Essay 2
A researcher has investigated the relationship between IQ and grade point average (GPA) and found the correlation to be .75.

For this essay, critique the results and interpretation of a correlational study.

  • Evaluate the correlational result and identify the strength of the correlation.
  • Examine the assumptions and limitations of the possible connection between the researcher’s chosen variables. 
  • Identify and describe other statistical tests that could be used to study this relationship.

Your essay response must address the following questions:

  • How strong is this correlation? 
    • Is this a positive or negative correlation?
    • What does this correlation mean?
  • Does this correlation imply that individuals with high Intelligence Quotients (IQ) have high Grade Point Averages (GPA)?
  • Does this correlation provide evidence that high IQ causes GPA to go higher? 
    • What other variables might be influencing this relationship?
  • What is the connection between correlation and causation?
  • What are some of the factors that affect the size of this correlation?
  • Is correlation a good test for predicting GPA? 
    • If not, what statistical tests should a researcher use, and why?

Essay 3
A researcher has recorded the reaction times of 20 individuals on a memory assessment. The following table indicates the individual times:







































In this essay, demonstrate your ability to organize data into meaningful sets, calculate basic descriptive statistics, interpret the results, and evaluate the effects of outliers and changes in the variables.  You may use Excel, one of the many free online descriptive statistics calculators, or calculate the values by hand and/or with a calculator. 

Next, separate the data into two groups of 10; one group will be the lower reaction times, and the second group will be the higher reaction times.  Then, address the following points in your essay response:

  • Calculate the sum, mean, mode, median, standard deviation, range, skew, and kurtosis for each group.
  • How do the two groups differ?
  • Are there any outliers in either data group?
  • What effect does an outlier have on a sample?

Lastly, double each sample by repeating the same 10 data points in each group.  You will have a total of 20 data points for each group. After completing this, address the following in your essay response:

  • Calculate the following for the new data groups: sum, mean, mode, median, standard deviation, range, skew, and kurtosis.
  • Did any of the values change?
  • How does sample size affect those values?

Part B: Research Study Critique
In this second portion of the Final Exam, you will identify and critically evaluate a quantitative research article based on a social science topic.  Your selected article must include a research question(s) and/or hypothesis(es) and utilize statistical analyses covered in the course. The article must be peer-reviewed and published within the last 10 years.

In the body of your critique, describe the statistical approaches used, the variables included, the hypothesis(es) proposed, and the interpretation of the results.   In your conclusion, suggest other statistical approaches that could have been used and, if appropriate, suggest alternative interpretations of the results.  This process will allow you to apply the concepts learned throughout the course in the interpretation of actual scientific research. Your critique must include the following sections:

  1. Introduction: This section will include a general introduction of the quantitative study from a peer-reviewed source published within the last 10 years.  The research questions and/or hypothesis(es) as well as the purpose of the study should be clearly defined.
  2. Methods: Describe and evaluate the procedures and methods of data collection, measures/instruments used, the participants and how they were selected, and the statistical techniques used.
  3. Results: In this section describe and critique the results presented in the study.
  4. Discussion: Discuss and evaluate the efficacy of the results presented in the study.  Address, the strengths, weaknesses, and limitations of the study, and suggest future research directions.  Include additional forms of statistical analyses as part of the suggestions for future research.

The Research Study Critique:

  1. Must be three to four double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.  Use 12-point font, with 1-inch margins.  
  2. Must use the sections and headings described above.
  3. Must address the article with critical thought by examining, reflecting, and evaluating the article from an objective viewpoint and by using facts to support your argument. Refer to the Critical Thinking Community (Links to an external site.) website for further assistance.
  4. Must end with a conclusion that summarizes your critical evaluation.
  5. Must use one quantitative research study from a peer-reviewed source that was published within the last 10 years.
  6. Must properly cite the source article in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  7. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.) for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.


What treatment program would you recommend for this client?

You have a client who has failed to complete the 12-step program two times in the last year. 


  • What treatment program would you recommend for this client?
  • Explain how the program would be more effective for this client than the 12-step program.


400-600 words


Debate It – Take a position on this statement: Social or political institutions should police online communication to prevent or punish people who create a hostile online environment. Support your views with one or two reasons and/or examples. (Cite any sources you referenced.)

Spirituality Assessment

Nurses are caring people, and with that in mind, they sometimes have trouble asking patients personal or more intimate questions. Your assigned textbook reading for this module includes a list of spiritual assessment questions that nurses can use to learn more detailed information regarding the spirituality of their patients. Ensure that you read these questions and identify three (3) of the questions that you might have difficulty asking a patient. Discuss why you believe these three questions would be difficult for you to ask your patient and how you can overcome this uneasiness.

Describe and support the use of monitoring in evaluating an organization or the status of a condition as an evaluation tool.

Answer one of two questions below:


  1. Describe and support the use of monitoring in evaluating an organization or the status of a condition as an evaluation tool. What is the value of collecting and documenting monitoring data over time? Discuss how the lack of monitoring impacts the evaluation of a market based decision? Cite and reference your resources.
  2. Explain how health care organizations use quality improvement techniques to guide decision making? Discuss the challenges organizations encounter in applying quality improvement techniques to guide decision making. Cite and reference your resources.


Also in two separate paragraph give your personal opinion to  Nikki Thompson and    Samantha Taylor 




Nikki Thompson 


Quality improvement techniques are used in healthcare setting to determine and prioritize potential areas of improvements and establish a culture of quality in healthcare practices. With quality improvement technique the managers can be able to make informed decisions about a given problem hence effective service provision. Through quality improvement practices management and employee will collect more information about a given problem hence facilitating development of an evidence-based intervention (Cockerham et al, 2016). A high-functioning practice will strive to continually improve performance, revisit the effectiveness of interventions, and regularly solicit patient and staff feedback. This is all attributed to quality improvement strategies within the healthcare organizations. Some of the challenges that may face quality improvement process include lack of effective leadership, sustainability, and poor data collection techniques among others. Any discrepancy on the above stated issue may affect the effectiveness of the given quality improvement method.




Cockerham, J. R., Lowe, G. R., Willis, R., Stecks, R. M., & Berlinski, A. (2016). Quality improvement project to improve timeliness between bronchodilator treatments from emergency department to medical wards. Respiratory care, 61(12), 1573-1579.






Samantha Taylor 


Explain how health care organizations use quality improvement techniques to guide decision making? Discuss the challenges organizations encounter in applying quality improvement techniques to guide decision making. Cite and reference your resources.


              “Measuring the quality of health care by observing its structure, processes, and outcomes. Structure measures assess the accessibility, availability, and quality of resources, such as health insurance, bed capacity of a hospital, and number of nurses with advanced training,” (Hughes, para. 7)There is multiple way how health care organizations use quality techniques to help any decision making. There are a lot of steps that must be taken with any decision and must be discussed with others. It is important for any business and health care organization to have on site training for that position. By having health care job training for all employees will help ensure that everyone is on the same page on how everything operates on a daily basis. Ensuring that employees understand the decision-making process help the practice run smoother and more efficiently. Leadership is important to have for each and every employee that to encourage the decision-making process so that everyone feels like their participation in the process counts. Making each employee feel like their voice matters will help the organization and improves communication. In any organization it is vital to remove barriers that may be between departments. By removing the barriers will not only improve the entire decision-making process, but creates harmony in the operations that go on in the organization. In order to create perfect harmony, the data must be accurate, collected correctly, and used with monitoring tools. For the best quality assurance, the decisions must be made correctly and the information must be understood. Quality improvement techniques are important to incorporate in a health care organization in order for success to occur.  Bench marking health care means collaborative discipline of measuring and comparing the key to the process. Putting a huge emphasis on the management staff to have faith in the projects, communicate the purpose, and encourage the staff. Bench marking is important because it helps slow down the process and become careful in the preparation in the process. “Future, with processes and tools n place supporting Continuous Quality Improvement with research and bench marking as critical contributing elements in QI implementation in health organization becomes less challenging (Burs et al, 2011). The Six Sigma strategy ties together the improved metrics and uses a different management philosophy to help decrease errors, which reinforces the organization’s market status while improving the profit margin.


Every day in health care, by measuring the performance, using careful analysis to new approaches, incorporating new approaches to the process, and reassessing the performance to determine if the changes that were made are successful or not. Without a true and efficient leader, and poor data collection techniques, the organization will not be successful. 


Discuss the challenges organizations encounter in applying quality improvement techniques to guide decision making. Cite and reference your resources.


There are many different challenges that may occur when applying quality improvement techniques to guide the decision-making process. Discrimination in the workplace and not having enough staff who getsengaged causes many issues. Disagreements could involve the ones who are involved in the problem-solving process and the overall final decision. Poor leadership that does not cover what problems that may be faced or not having enough information to guide the process may occur. Without having the proper leadership, there will be multiple issues that will come about and the environment will not be such a great place. Leadership is the key to success within an organization. Inefficiency in data collection hence quality improvement is hampered due to the most critical areas not being prioritized. Quality improvement will not happen if the data is not organized and the tasks that should be on top of the list, aren’t. Over- Ambitiousness by the management in the quality Quality improvement techniques are used to help healthcare setting be able to prioritize certain tasks which may need more attention too and helps establish a culture. Managers and employees will be able to communication decisions and that helps with the efficiency. Quality improvement process may lead to the staff feeling as if change is impossible or disregard it all together. Culture change is one of the major challenges that can hold an organization back when they are trying to improve the quality and reduce medical errors.


Burns, L., Bradley, E., & Weiner, B. (2011). Shortell and Kaluzny’s Healthcare Management: Organization Design and Behavior, 6th Edition. [VitalSource Bookshelf version]. Retrieved from


Donabedian A. Evaluating quality of medical care. Milbank Q. 1966;44:166–206.


Hughes, R. G. (n.d.). Tools and Strategies for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety. Retrieved from

What rhetorical device gives persuasive writing flare and interest?

Critical Thinking Class

1. Discussion Question:

What rhetorical device gives persuasive writing flare and interest? Explain the definition and use an example from current events or advertisements.


Skills Childhood Class

Discussion Question #1:

What basic considerations need to be taken when planning a developmentally appropriate indoor classroom space for early childhood learners, and what additional considerations need to be made for students with disabilities?


Discussion Question #2:

Discuss how centers can be best utilized in the early childhood classroom and how these can best be organized for the most effective efficiency?


Business Research Class


Discussion Question:

Identify, from your perspective, the most interesting and important topic or insight from the reading that is in alignment with the goals for this module that is not related to any of the essay questions for the module. Find at least two new sources to bolster your assertion that this topic or insight is important. Summarize the essence of the topic or insight, explain why it is important, support your assertion, and get ready to post it to the discussion forum.


Princple of Marketing Class

Discussion Question:

To what extent do you believe that social media is or is not ubiquitous for your targeted market? Not everyone participates in social media and some key demographic segments tend to avoid it for reason of privacy and security and others due to lack of knowledge and skills. To what extent for your business vision are social media and e-Business technologies appropriate tools for understanding the current market and its trends? Be sure to consider those likely to be future customers after you have successfully launched and become established and the impact of current trends.


ENG Class

Discussion Question:

Explain the specific concerns must you address regarding purpose and audience in a definition essay.

Accounting II

Discussion Question:

Jill Land, president of Loon Co., is happy to report to the company’s stockholders that the company increased its cash position by 20% from last year. Its average collection period decreased by 12 days. Jill knows some customers are unhappy about the new credit terms but believes that you cannot please everyone; that’s part of business. Do you think Loon Co. is on the right track? One shareholder is quite upset to learn that the company is holding so much cash. Do you agree with the company’s belief that increasing the cash position by 20% is sound? Explain your answer.

Marketing Managment

Discussion Question:

Briefly discuss why marketing channel decisions are among the most critical decisions facing marketing management.


Discuss two or three (2-3) benefits you or others have experienced with social media.

Reflective Journal 2: My Views on the Benefits and danger of social 






Directions for Reflective Journals



Write a 3/4 to 1-page journal entry (approximately 250 words) in which you:


  1. Discuss two or three (2-3) benefits you or others have experienced with social media.
  2. Discuss one or two (1-2) dangers you or others have experienced with social media.
  3. Complete the page/word amount requirement. 
  4. Write with clarity, following mechanics and formatting requirements.


Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:


  • Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a source page and cover page containing the title of the assignment, your name, your professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the source page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Discuss America’s Cold War policy or strategy aimed at dealing with communism and the Soviet threat, and an example of a Cold War conflict or crisis.

By the early 1950s, the US was a world super-power militarily and economically. The Great Depression was no more. But, two major rival powers were developing, rivals ideologically and militarily: The Cold War between the US and its allies versus the Soviet Union and its allies/clients would be the dominant international issue for the next four decades. Domestically, in the 1950s and the 1960s, the US would begin grappling head-on with major Civil Rights and economic issues, as well as a divisive conflict in Vietnam—and widespread demonstrations and some high profile assassinations.


Choose and discuss (in a full paragraph or two) one of the following two topics related to the period from the late 1940s and through the 1960s.


  1. Discuss America’s Cold War policy or strategy aimed at dealing with communism and the Soviet threat, and an example of a Cold War conflict or crisis.    
    • Identify one or two Cold War strategies of the US. Describe a specific example of a conflict or crisis that was part of this Cold War strategy, and compare or contrast this to the international situation today.
    • Identify the source(s) where you read about these Cold War issues.

His 104

BE creative: For your discussion this week, pretend you were part of the abolition movement during the 19th century.  Create an abolition flier supporting the ending of slavery. You can create a standalone flier, make it an advertisement for a meeting, make it a political campaign poster etc. Be creative! 

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