Discuss two of the most valuable learning takeaways you gained from this course (Critical Analysis of Criminal Justice Administration) and how they can help you in your career or future studies. Identify the value you perceive of each of your identified takeaways as they relate to law enforcement agencies, citizens of the community, or you personally as a leader.
REPLY TO MY CLASSMATE’S RESPONSE TO THE ABOVE QUESTION AND EXPLAIN WHY YOU AGREE? (A MINIMUM OF 125 WORDS or MORE)
Two valuable takeaways for me is intelligence policing verses Predictive Policing. When it comes to data-driven law enforcement, two approaches come to mind intelligence-led policing and predictive policing. While these approaches are not equally limited, there is a difference. Predictive policing uses computers to analyze the big data regarding crimes in a geographical area to anticipate where and when a crime will occur soon (Peak and Giacomazzi 2019). While it does not go so far as to identify who will commit the crime, it does pinpoint hot spots to help law enforcement anticipate the approximate time of day and area of town where police might anticipate another crime. Armed with this information, police can be placed more strategically to either thwart a crime in progress, or even better, prevent a crime from taking place.
Intelligence-led policing, according to Peak and Giacomazzi (2019), is a style of policing that combines crime analysis with intelligence analysis. The important aspects of intelligence-led policing include the following elements: identifying who, what, when, and where. Perhaps we should also consider adding the aspect of why. By understanding why an individual commits criminality, we can better incorporate deterrent methods. Intelligence-led policing is a collaborative law enforcement approach combining problem-solving policing, information sharing, and police accountability, with enhanced intelligence operations. It is designed to guide policing activities toward high-frequency offenders, locations, or crimes to impact resource allocation decisions (Peak and Giacomazzi 2019). An important component of intelligence-led policing is that it encourages and, arguably, depends on collaboration among various agencies and the community, including not only local police, but other local law enforcement, the FBI, homeland security agencies, and even probation and parole officers.
Peak, K. J., & Giacomazzi, A. L. (2019). Justice administration: Police, Courts, and Corrections Management (9th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.