Introduction of Philosophy

Short answers: For the following questions, provide a short answer.

What is the difference between Hobbes and Lockes understanding of the social contract?
What is the relationship between consequentialism and utilitarianism?
What does it mean to say that Lockes state of nature is a moral state?
What is a genealogy of morals?
What is the meaning of Sartres notion, existence precedes essence?
Why is the idea of existence precedes essence important for understanding existentialism, according to Sartre?

Essay Question: Choose one of the following prompts and write an essay based on it.

Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Sartre were all considered to be existentialists. What is existentialism and how did each of these thinkers contribute to the rise of existentialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? What do you think about existentialism as a guide for your life?

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